19 Sep 2016

Benefits of Geothermal Heat Pumps

Well Drilling Comments Off on Benefits of Geothermal Heat Pumps

C&J Well Company is known for our quality and commitment to wells. Heck, it’s in our name! But, did you also know that one of our specialities is geothermal well drilling? Geothermal HVAC systems offer many unique benefits over traditional heating and cooling.

Here are a few reasons to consider geothermal for your home.

Geothermal Drilling

What is Geothermal HVAC?

Private water wells actually have quite a bit in common with geothermal heating and cooling. Both are “natural” alternatives that don’t rely heavily on surrounding communities and/or public utility companies, and instead take advantage of what the earth has to offer, right at home on your own property.

Explaining a geothermal system is probably more complex than actually maintaining one. In a nutshell, geothermal works like this: temperatures remain fairly constant just a few feet under the earth’s surface, all year long (yes, even during our frighteningly cold Indiana winters). Geothermal heat pumps utilize a simple indoor handling unit, along with a network of buried pipes in the yard that create a “loop.” This loop moves groundwater (if present on site) or other liquid through the network and transfers that constant temperature from the earth to the handling unit, where it is used to heat and cool your home.

What Makes Geothermal Better?

One of the greatest benefits of geothermal heating and cooling systems, are their versatility. Depending on where you live, a traditional HVAC system may rely on natural gas, electricity, or oil. Thanks to the earth’s constant temperature, geothermal works as well in Alaska as it does in Arizona.

Another pro of geothermal is its maintenance, or lack thereof. Since it consists of few complex mechanical components, a geothermal heat pump typically lasts longer with much less maintenance requirements than traditional HVAC systems.

Geothermal systems are also much “cleaner” than fossil fuel-powered HVAC. They don’t burn gas or oil to generate heat, and they use very little electricity, too.

Less maintenance means fewer service calls to the contractor or repairman. The potential cost savings alone are enough to convince many homeowners to switch to geothermal.You can save money and energy by switching to geothermal heating and cooling for your Indiana home. Contact us to learn more today!

16 Aug 2016

A Handy Well Owner’s Checklist

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When properly built by a professional and maintained by a homeowner, a water well requires very little upkeep.

The service calls we get here at C&J Well Company cover just about everything you need to know about wells, so we collected a handful of our most popular tips & tricks for getting the most years – and drops – out of your own water well. Keep reading to learn more.


  • Only hire fully licensed, fully insured, and qualified professionals for well work. This includes digging/drilling, installation, maintenance and repair, and replacement services. Unlicensed, door-to-door, and so-called “Craigslist contractors” are a dime a dozen, and they tend to disappear quickly after taking your hard-earned money up front and doing little or no work at all.
  • Ensure your water quality is as high as possible, by performing annual tests. Bacteria, parasites, chemicals, and other organic and inorganic impurities can contaminate wells, making the water unsafe to drink. Give us a call or contact your local health department to learn more about these tests.
  • Related to the above tip, be sure to have your water tested any time there is a sudden change in its taste, smell, or clarity, or someone at home becomes ill after drinking it.
  • Likewise, never store hazardous chemicals anywhere near your well. These can include fertilizers and pesticides, oils and fuel, paints, pool cleaners, etc.
  • Check your well cover/cap every so often, and ensure no components are damaged or exposed to the elements. Fix or replace a cover or well casing that has visible damage.
  • Mark your well so that it is clearly visible, even from a distance, and be careful when working around it. Lawn mowers and similar machinery can cause major damage to a relatively small casing, and can make your well unsanitary. Also, never allow grass and leaves, snow, or other debris to pile up around the well.
  • Always maintain thorough records for well service and water testing. This is vital and of huge help to professional well technicians. Click the link for free well maintenance and water testing logs.

These steps are easy to follow and fairly common sense, and will go a long way in protecting your well’s performance and your family’s health. As always, we happily encourage you to get in touch with us here at C&J Well Company, if you have any questions or concerns at all about your water well.

21 Jul 2016

The Importance of Water Well Testing

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Being a responsible water well owner is actually quite simple. Wells require very little maintenance or extra thought to stay in solid shape year after year. The key is consistency. A consistent maintenance schedule. And, just as importantly, consistent testing.

Speaking of testing, a responsible water well owner should be able to understand those test results. In today’s post, we’ll break down the process of a standard water well test.


What Should I Test For?

We get asked this question all the time. No two water wells are exactly the same, and it’s not uncommon for tests of two wells right across the street from each other to come back with completely different results. Therefore, one of the smartest steps a well owner can take is to schedule regular testing, at the same time(s) each year.

Bacteria is the most common water quality problem found in private wells. At the very minimum, have your well tested at least once annually for bacterial levels. Depending on where you live, multiple tests a year can be beneficial. For example, if your well is located in an agricultural area, it makes sense to have your water tested for pesticides, nitrates, and other impurities in addition to bacterial testing.

Likewise, relevant circumstances may warrant additional water well tests throughout the year. These can include a woman in the household who is pregnant or nursing; an unexplained illness in one or more family members; sudden changes in the taste, odor, or clarity of your water; dangerous contaminants found in a neighbor’s water; and more.

Contact C&J Well Company for additional information, or schedule an in-home consultation for a personalized analysis of and recommendations for your well.

How Do I Take a Sample?

Another great question. Whether you choose C&J Well or another qualified laboratory team to assist you with water well testing, expect to receive specific, detailed test instructions, along with sterile bottles and other collection supplies. Depending on the test, you may only need to collect one water sample, or you may be asked to collect several samples from different sources around the home. Be sure to carefully read all instructions prior to any testing, and please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any questions at all about any part of the test.

It is important to note, that in the event of a positive test for fecal coliform bacteria such as E.coli, or microorganisms including Giardia, you should stop using your water and immediately disinfect your well until a satisfactory sample is pulled. .

Am I Understanding Everything Correctly?

Trust us, it is completely understandable if the test itself and/or the results that follow are hard to decipher. There are many different variations of each, with various instructions in the former, and symbols and abbreviations commonly used in the latter.

What’s most important to you, is the level of a specific contaminant in your water. This information is provided in all test results, highlighted as the concentration of a specific weight of the contaminant in a specific amount of water. You want to compare that concentration with federally established standards, to determine if its presence is found in safe or dangerous levels. If in doubt, or if you have any questions at all with your well water test results, contact us, your local health department, or environmental agency.

Also, no matter what the results of your test show, it is beneficial to have a second test of your well performed to ensure that results are consistent, especially before you decide on any type of water quality treatment.

Let Us Help With Your Water Well Tests

Between the collections, the results, the measurements, and the standards, water well testing is a fairly complex process. It is also one of the most essential parts of owning a well. After all, you drink, cook, and clean with this water!

Always choose an experienced, qualified, and licensed water well professional to assist you with testing. Here at C&J Well Company, we’re excited to help you through every step of the process. To get started, we invite you to download and review this free well owner’s manual. When you’re ready to test, ask us about our testing protocols and partnerships with local labs. And, if you’re interested in expert water treatment services, we can answer your questions about that, too.

22 Jun 2016

Top Tips for Protecting Your Wellhead

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Although most parts of a typical water well are installed below ground, there is one important component that rests on top of the soil.

Today, let’s learn more about the wellhead, and how to protect and maintain this critical part of your well.

wellheadWhat is a Wellhead?

Just like your head on top of your body, a wellhead is a structure that sits atop a well. The wellhead is made out of a durable PVC to help protect the well and keep the drinking water supply fresh and clean. For a better idea check out the anatomy of a well system.

Maintaining the Wellhead

Because it is the “first line” of defense for your entire well system, regularly inspecting the wellhead is an important and necessary task for well owners. Make modifications and repairs as needed and at your personal comfort/skill level, and do not hesitate to contact your local water well experts to perform larger construction projects or to close off an old well.

When mowing or performing related work around your well, be careful. Although some wellheads have small outbuildings or decorative structures covering them, others are simply a capped pipe sticking out of the ground, and are much harder to see. Lawn equipment and machinery can damage the wellhead. Chemicals and pollutants can foul the water supply. Leaves, grass clippings, and even accumulated snow can cause well blockages and carry pathogens into the water.

Well Location is Key

When landscaping around an existing well, or scouting a location for a new well, pay extra attention to the land itself. The top of a well should extend a whole foot or more above the ground. Make sure that surrounding ground slopes away from the well, as this ensures that surface water does not puddle around or drain into the well system.

Wellhead Maintenance Made Easy

For more information about maintaining your wellhead, download the helpful well owner’s manual on our website.

Wells are complex systems and sometimes maintenance and repairs are best left to the professionals. Count on C&J Well Company for all of your well needs. Whether it’s new installation, maintenance and repairs on an existing system, or friendly and free information, we are here for you. Let us know how we can help and assist you today.

09 Jun 2016

Getting Rid of Odors in Well Water

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For many people unfamiliar with private wells – you know, those “city water” folks – well water conjures up thoughts of weird smells like rotten eggs. While it’s true that natural well water is higher in minerals (just like those expensive bottles sold at upscale restaurants), it usually doesn’t smell, look, or taste bad at all.

Foul odors are often a sign that something’s wrong with your well or water supply. Want to get rid of odors and keep them gone for good? Find out how below.



AIO = Air Injection Oxidization

Ever heard of AIO? It’s more than just another acronym to remember. AIO stands for Air Injection Oxidization, and it’s a fantastic and effective tool for well owners and municipal water customers alike. AIO systems are designed to eliminate two of the most common elements found in well water – sulfur and iron. Sulfur, as you might already know, is to blame for that telltale rotten egg odor. Iron can lead to rust stains in tubs, toilets, and sinks, along with laundry and critical well components. Neither of these elements are harmful and both are quite essential in small amounts, but excess levels and buildup can cause problems over time. AIO systems fix that.

How an AIO System Works

An Air Injection Oxidization system relies on a tank and a high-tech filter to remove sulfur and iron from water as it passes from the ground through your well and into your home. At the top of the tank is an air pocket. Imagine a bottle of soda – it’s not 100% full to allow for the excess pressure. An AIO tank oxidizes sulfur and iron in that air pocket, while adding dissolved oxygen to the water. The bad stuff is then captured in the filter, while naturally fresh, pure water flows freely through your taps.

Additional Benefits of AIO Systems

In addition to delivering some of the best tasting water you’ve ever had, an AIO system also helps keep everything clean. By removing sulfur and iron, sediment, and by controlling bacteria and scale, the AIO system promotes clean, gunk-free faucets and fixtures, appliances like dishwashers and coffee pots, laundry, and even your hair and skin! All this, without the need for any harsh chemicals or heavy maintenance.

Is an AIO System Right for You?

Air Injection Oxidation systems provide an affordable and efficient way to treat your well water naturally. Want to learn more about AIO or find out if adding a system makes sense for your home? Get in touch. At C&J Well Company, we have a variety of customizable solutions to fit you and your family’s individual water needs. Stop settling for second-rate water. This summer, enjoy the cleanest, coldest, clearest glasses of water, right out of your well!

26 May 2016

DIY Well Maintenance Tips

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For folks who rely on private wells to source their tap water, proper maintenance is essential. Your health and safety depend on it! While some efforts are better left to the pros, others are easy for your to do right at home.

We’ve compiled a few helpful DIY well maintenance tips. Check them out below.

to do list

Well Recordkeeping

Just like your healthcare and tax records, keeping track of well maintenance makes everything easier. Create a logbook that lists when maintenance was performed and by whom; water and environmental quality testing; drilling reports, along with location, age, and condition of the well; and equipment repairs and replacements, as well as invoices and bills. Keeping these records organized and accessible will keep you up to date on the proper well maintenance schedule.

Well Maintenance Calendar

Typically, water wells are very reliable systems that require little extra thought. Regular maintenance helps keep them that way. Creating a well maintenance schedule is the easiest way to remember when it’s time to work on your well, or schedule appointments with a professional contractor. Write reminders on your calendar, create a spreadsheet on your computer, or program dates into your mobile device – whichever way is most convenient for you. Important dates and maintenance services to highlight include:

  • Well inspection
    • Get in the habit of visually inspecting your wellhead and other aboveground components several times a year. This is especially important before and after the cold winter months.
    • Chlorinate your well annually, and have it professionally flushed every 7-10 years.
    • If you lose records, can’t remember the last time you had it serviced, or move to a new home with one on-site, have your well professionally inspected ASAP.
  • Water testing
    • Have your well water tested for quality annually.
    • If you notice any sudden changes in taste, clarity, and/or odor, stop drinking your water and have it tested immediately. The same is true in the event of flooding or agricultural incident in your area.
    • Just like the well inspection, it is important to have your water tested if you can’t recall the last time it was tested, or if you move to a new home.
  • Water treatment system(s)
    • Before you install a water softener, filter, or other treatment system, have your well water tested for quality.
    • Have your water treatment devices inspected annually, and follow manufacturer’s instructions for proper maintenance schedules.
  • Septic System
    • Have your septic system professionally inspected each year, and maintain/repair/replace any worn or defective components.
    • Pump out the tank as needed or recommended by professionals. Remember, a wastewater leak can have disastrous consequences on your drinking water. Regular well and septic tank maintenance is far less expensive than the work required to treat a leak or spill.

Additional Well Tips

For more advice on maintaining your water systems at home, download or print this handy free wellowner’s guide or contact us today.

C&J Well Company is your source for well drilling, installation, maintenance, and repair. We are your local full-service well and water treatment specialists. Contact us today and let us know how we can assist you.

18 May 2016

Well Cleaning: Before & After

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You know, they say a picture is worth a thousand words, and we believe it! You can read a wealth of well-related information on C&J Well Company’s website, but we want to show you what some of that info looks like up close.

So, let these before & after photos of a professional well cleaning speak for themselves. We’ll use as few words as necessary to describe what’s going on. You’re always encouraged to contact us with more questions.

Before … Whoa.unnamed-5

This filthy geyser is full of mud, gunk, and other debris – definitely not what your tap water should look like. When C&J cleans a well, we first inspect your system, and then carefully remove your submersible pump and use precision equipment to flush out your well, resulting in the spectacular, albeit kind of nasty, surge you see here.

After … Wow!clean well water

Now that’s some good-looking water right there.

After blasting away years of build-up from your well, the result is crystal clear water, a refreshed filter, and better pressure through all of your faucets and fixtures.

Just like your vehicles, home, and other important and valuable possessions, having your well professionally and regularly maintained is vital to its performance and its lifespan … not to mention, your health!

When to Clean Your Well

If these photos aren’t enough, here’s a short video that explains why it’s important to clean your water well. As for the “when,” C&J Well Company suggests having your well cleaned out every 7-10 years.

Summer is a great time for professional water well services of any kind. Whether it’s cleaning, chlorinating, repairing, or replacing, our expert, friendly team can help you. Learn more about our many well services, and be sure to ask us how to get 50% OFF a well cleaning, and other money-saving seasonal offers!

19 Apr 2016

Where Does Well Water Come From?

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For most of you reading today’s blog post, well water is an essential part of your daily life. Fewer of you though, have probably asked yourself the question, “Where does well water come from?” Read on and learn about the origins of our favorite liquid on – and in – the planet.


From the Ground to Your Tap

Almost half of the U.S. population – about 44% – relies on groundwater for its drinking water. And, if you think wells are rare, you’re wrong … more than 43 million Americans source their drinking water from a well.

It’s important to note that groundwater isn’t the same thing as water from lakes and rivers, which are the sources of public water supplies, i.e. “city water.” Although rivers and lakes are major sources of fresh water, surface water is just like it sounds – found on the surface. Because of this, lakes and rivers are far more prone to pollution.

Groundwater, on the other hand, is found in underground aquifers, where it is naturally filtered through many layers of rock and sand. Reached by drilling wells, groundwater is fresher and cleaner than surface water sources like rivers. Groundwater is also less likely to be contaminated. What’s more, a groundwater source that is delivered to your home via well recharges itself, and can provide you, your family, and your property with a constant source of fresh, healthy water even through extended stretches of dry weather.

Keeping Your Well Water Clean

While it is naturally clean, groundwater is not immune from contamination. Fertilizer and pesticide runoff, as well as household chemicals if not properly disposed of, can leak into nearby wells. Grass clippings, mulch, and other debris can fall into an uncapped well. Unmaintained wells promote sediment and bacterial growth, which can find their way into the tap water.

You can keep your water safe by scheduling regular well cleanings and taking care of the area surrounding your well. Discover more helpful well owner tips in this free guide.

Get Local Answers to Your Well & Water Questions

Have more questions about wells, drilling, and/or water? We’re here to help! C&J Well Company is your local source for just about everything well-related. From drilling and installing, to maintaining and replacing, we do it all! Learn more about the benefits of well water, and get in touch with us if you have any questions or want to get a project started.

25 Mar 2016

Types of Water Wells & Their Construction

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Today’s modern water well is a far cry from the old days. Gone are buckets and rope. Now, high-efficiency pumps and pressure tanks bring fresh, clean water into your home. Really, the only thing that historic and modern wells share is getting water up and out of the ground.

To do this, we provide a variety of solutions for Indiana homeowners. Read on to learn about the different types of wells and the construction methods we use.

well drilling

Three Common Types of Wells

Depending on the geology and layout of your property, we typically suggests one of three common types of water wells.

  • The first type is called a bored well. We use specialized rigs to drill a shallow hole into the ground, usually 100 feet deep or less, until we find a clean water source.
  • The second type of well, a consolidated well is great if the subsurface of your property is mainly natural rock. These wells typically require a deeper borehole to reach water, and feature an average depth of about 250 feet.
  • The third type of well, an unconsolidated well, is ideal for softer, more porous subsurfaces consisting of soil, sand, gravel, or clay. To prevent this loose material from collapsing in on itself, special casings are used to protect the well components.

The Well Construction Process

Since no two properties are exactly alike, a good well contractor must be flexible and adaptive. Here at C&J Well Company, we have the licensure, technicians, equipment, experience, and knowledge to tackle this tough job. Having called Indiana home our entire lives, we also understand the many local, state, and federal codes and regulations required to install and maintain your well.

The first step is finding water. Instead of digging hole after hole and destroying your property, we typically find the optimal well site before we even start drilling your well. Our construction methods are personalized to your home and your family’s needs. Well construction factors including:

  • property size
  • distance from your home and outbuildings
  • family size
  • number of bathrooms
  • whether an irrigation system, swimming pool, spa, etc. exists or is planned

Never hire an unlicensed or unprofessional contractor to install your well. Insist on an expert team that can honestly and confidently answer all of your questions. While the initial cost to properly drill and install a well might seem high, having an expert perform these services equals untold savings for the well owner, thanks to improved efficiency and less maintenance over the life of your well.

Your Indiana Water Well Options

Curious if a private water well is right for your home? Get in touch! C&J Well Company installs and maintains wells out in the country and within city limits, even if your home is currently connected to a municipal water supply. No matter your water needs, we have a solution for you.

Learn more about well types, construction methods, and other important facts in this free well owner’s manual

15 Mar 2016

How to Select a Well Contractor

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Searching for new service professionals is never fun. Mechanics don’t always have the most reliable reputations. Picking a new dentist is about as fun as pulling teeth. How do you choose a professional who you can trust?

At C&J Well Company, we understand your challenge. As a family-owned business serving central Indiana for decades, we’ve learned a thing or two about instilling trust and building strong, lasting relationships with our customers.

We surveyed the office and share with you these five top tips from our experts for selecting a well contractor.


Tip #1: Check Qualifications

This might go without saying, but before you hire a well contractor, or anyone for that matter, make sure he or she is qualified to do the job. Sure … you might find the best price on Craigslist, but when it comes to contractors, you usually get what you pay for.

Tip #2: Ask Around

Professional qualifications such as licenses, insurance, state/federal agency registrations, and BBB membership are all important. So are real opinions from your friends and neighbors. When comparing well contractors in your area, be sure to ask fellow well owners who they hired and why. Web searches and social media are other great sources for customer reviews.

Tip #3: Locally Owned?

Here at C&J Well Company, we know lots of qualified well contractors across the country. Problem is, lots of them are all across the country. If you live in central Indiana, you want to hire a well contractor from right here in central Indiana. Demand that your contractor has a rock solid understanding of the local geology they plan to drill in.

Tip #4: Local Laws

Hiring a locally owned well contractor typically gives you, the customer, an added bonus: all laws and regulations are followed. When narrowing your search, ask contractors about relevant city, county, and state laws. If you get a lot of “uhs” and “ums,” keep searching.

Tip #5: Guarantees are Key

Whichever well contractor you choose should also provide you a written and signed warranty and guarantee. Quality companies that use quality products are typically reliable, but if an accident or unforeseen problem should occur, you deserve a company that will continue to serve you long after the initial job ends.

Simplifying Your Well Contractor Search

At C&J Well Company, we’ll work harder than anyone else in this industry to earn your business and keep it, too. With that said, the choice is always yours, and we respect that. If you choose to hire another well contractor, we hope you’ll still use these five tips to your advantage. Learn more by reading this free well owner’s manual from Water Systems Council.

Not sure just who to hire for your next job? Not a problem! Contact our team today for friendly advice and a free, no-hassle consultation on your well service needs.

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*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 24 to 132 months. Interest waived if repaid in 365 days. 18.58% fixed APR, effective as of January 1, 2019, subject to change. Interest starts accruing when the loan closes.
*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 12 to 144 months depending on loan amount. 8.99% to 12.99% fixed APR, based on creditworthiness, subject to change. The first monthly payment will be due 30 days from the date of application and monthly thereafter.