16 Nov 2012

What is the well drilling process? PART 2

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Genesis 26:18-19 (KJV)

18- And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them. 19- And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of springing water.

Well here at C&J Well Co. we drill instead of dig for water today, but the process is still largely the same.

We penetrate the earth’s surface until we find an aquifer that produces enough water for our customer’s needs and then develop this hole into a well.

So here’s how we drill a water well (see video below). Once we establish a good place to drill (click HERE to see the well drilling process part 1 post) we set up the drill rig and away we go. We start by putting a bit on the end of our drill tooling. We also flow water down through the center of the bit to carry our cuttings out of the borehole. Then we start to look for gravel after the first 25 foot of drilling. Anything shallower than 25 feet is not usable unless there is a variance obtained for such a shallow well. So we are primarily looking for sand and gravel. The sand and gravel acts as an underground conduit for the water. The water can’t flow through the clay, but it will flow through sand and gravel or a crack in the bedrock (which can also produce a good water well). Once we hit enough and the right quality of sand and gravel we proceed to turn the borehole into a well. We carefully measure the depth to the gravel, remove our drilling bit and tooling and install a screen attached to the end of our casing. Once the screen is lowered into the hole we have made in the gravel we then need to fill in the annular space between the natural aquifer and our screen. This is done by pouring a filtering sand down the borehole. Once this settles down to the bottom of the hole we begin the development process.

This process begins with blowing air into the casing with our drilling tools and an industrial powered air compressor. This air lifts the water out of the well. If everything goes well we then see fresh water from the aquifer coming out the top of our newly installed casing. We continue to blow air down inside the casing until the water coming out of the top of the well is clear and free of sediment.

After this takes place we then begin to pump pressure grout through a pipe that is attached to the outside of the casing. This grout is to fill the annular cavity between the borehole and the casing in order to keep surface contaminants from migrating down into the earth and your drinking water.

Now you are ready for a pump system of your choice and for C&J Water Treatment to install a softener and RO drinking water system. We will cover these two topics in a week or so.

07 Nov 2012

Well water system maintenance

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Is it really that necessary?

Yes, yes it is. Winter is quickly approaching, which means you probably had (or soon will have) your tires rotated, oil changed, and car tuned up to prepare for the nasty weather. Getting stuck in the middle of the road in the freezing cold is not something any of us are too thrilled about, so we take precautionary measures to ensure we and our families are safe.

But cars aren’t the only thing you don’t want to malfunction this winter. During the summer you put your well water system to test. You watered your yard every day, filled up the pool, washed the car, even re-enacted famous wars with water ballons. As fun as that was, your well water system took a beating, and if you don’t have a yearly checkup, you might be out of water soon.

 

So what is “well water system maintenance”?

 

A well water system is not just the white thing that comes up out of the ground in your front yard. A well system is made up of several pieces of equipment that allow for water to be pumped from the well all the way to your kitchen sink. An any of these pieces of equipment can wear out.

Clogged Well Screen:

Like we showed you in a previous post (click here) the well screen sits at the bottom of your well. Over the years, sand and all kinds of sediment can clog up the screen limiting the amount of water that it allows to flow into your well, and forcing the pump to suck up tons of unwanted sediment. For well screens, we recommend a full well cleanout. This will freshen up the water in your well, and allow more clean water to flow through the well screen. For more information about Well Cleaning, you can go HERE.

Worn Submersible Pump:

One of the most important pieces of the well water system puzzle is your pump. Pumps have an average life span of 11-17 years. There are several things that could go wrong with a pump, Too much sediment could damage the pump, running it too much can also cause problems, and lower water table could even burn it up. One of the most important things to have checked out before the winter is your pump.

Pressure Tank:

The average life span of a pressure tank is 8-10 years. Sediment can rip little holes in the bladder of the tank, that will eventually render the tank useless. Your tank could also loose pressure, so you want to make sure you have a well technician take a look at it to make sure it’s running as smooth as possible. And remember, a bad pressure tank can easily and quickly burn out a perfectly working pump.

Pressure Switch:

This is usually one of the first things that goes. Luckily these are easy to replace. While a broken pressure switch won’t damage any other part of the well water system, it will leave your home without water.

Those are just some of the main things to keep an eye for. There are several other things that could be problematic, such as lowered water table and leaks. You want to make sure you call a licensed well water profesional this fall to make sure your system is in good shape.

Because we feel that yearly well water system maintenance checkups are very important, we are currently running a fall maintenance special. Click HERE to learn more, save some money, and keep your home’s well water system running smoothly.

Why do we clean out wells? from cjdrills on Vimeo.

02 Nov 2012

What is the well drilling process? PART 1

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Getting a well drilled is a huge deal. Let’s face it, drilling a well is the largest part of your home or business’ working water system. The very source of your water as well as your water pressure. There are good wells, ok wells and bad wells.

So, what does the process of drilling a well look like? What all goes into the preparation for and the drilling of a water well?

It really all begins with the selection of a place to drill. Some of the things that go into this choice are the proximity to the home or business’ mechanical room, the levelness of the site, the presence of trees or other obstructions that would hinder being able to set the mast of the drill rig up. Finally, we should consider the presence of any contaminants that could get into your water well. These would include (but not be limited to) septic, sewer, buried fuel oil tanks, streams, creeks or ponds that could overflow or any other thing that COULD get into your water well. We need to drill in a place that is somewhat level, clear of overhead obstructions and within code when it comes to potential contaminates (the most common one we need to watch for is the septic system. In Indiana you must be at least 50′ from any part of any septic for a home).

Now we didn’t cover whether or not there was water present in the location of the desired spot for a reason. That reason is simple…until we drill in the most logical place for the positioning of a well, we should NOT move the placement of the well from that spot unless a dry hole is incurred. In other words, since we can’t see through the earth we should not assume that there is NOT water in the most convenient place to drill. And convesly we should not assume that there IS water in another spot on the property either. It can be an embarrassing thing to lead someone to a spot to drill 300-500 ft from the home and hit a dry hole and then end up drilling in a convenient place and making a gusher. Not a pretty picture.

You may ask “don’t you hit alot of dry holes that way?”. We really don’t. We average a good well on the first attempt on about 85% of the lots that we drill on. The other 15% of the properties we usually hit on the second attempt by using an age old process for finding water. We look at the lay of the land when determining this location and have found it to be very successful, but you may not want to drill 300-500 ft from the home until you know there is a problem finding water in the most logical place (by the home or business) to drill.

What about witching or dowsing? Well, we hold a bit of an unpopular belief about that. We have just not found witching to be a reliable way of finding hidden aquifers. We wish there was a foolproof way of finding underground water sources, but the only dependable way is to drill and look for it.

What about maps that the state keeps on such aquifers? These are not a detailed map showing water on properties that have not been drilled on. These maps have been constructed by real live well logs (a form that has to be filled out for each well that is drilled by a licensed contractor showing depth and formations etc) and kind of connecting the dots to show where certain large aquifers travel. They don’t help when it comes to your property if you haven’t had a well drilled yet unless you lie in between a couple of dots. These maps are a good rule of thumb. In fact even cities and towns use exploratory drilling to determine where the best place to drill larger production wells should be located.

I hope this is helpful as you consider drilling a new well. There is a bit of risk involved with drilling a new well, but it is not too hateful. It’s wonderful to be the self sufficient owner of a high quality, long lasting, water well that doesn’t need to be injected with carcinogens (chlorine) in order to make it palatable and safe to drink. Cold and clean well water ready for a pump system of your choice and a little water treatment (both of which we will be talking about in future blogs).

This concludes part 1 of drilling a water well. Next week we will discuss the art of well drilling, a craft as ancient as some our oldest pieces of literature.

29 Oct 2012

Building a new home?

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If you are building a new home, you are well aware of the tedious process that is to find the right contractors, especially if you are planning on having your own personal water well system.

The last thing you want is to commit to spend several thousands of dollars on a water well system, and when the “driller” shows up, you realize he is a very shady individual with low-grade equipment who will create your well out of very low-end products.

Finding the right water well contractor should be one of the most important decisions you make when starting a new construction project. After all, it is your families’ drinking water that we’re talking about!

At C&J we have a reputation to live up to. Not just a quick buck. We have gone above and beyond to make sure our customers feel safe when consulting C&J about a new construction. All of our well drillers and technicians have been licensed and tested by the state of Indiana, so you don’t have to worry about under qualified performance.
We are also members of IGWA (Indiana Ground Water Association) and have excellent ratings on both Angie’s List and BBB. We’ve even created a page on our website (click HERE) for our customers to let others know about their experience with C&J

If you are starting a new construction project and are in need of a water well, do a bit of research, and you will find out that C&J is Central Indiana’s leading full service well contractor.

22 Oct 2012

Water Well Anatomy

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Have you ever wondered how wells work?

 

Back in the day, a well was just a hole in the ground where people tried to get water. In theory, that’s exactly what wells are today; however, there is much more to a well than just being a hole.

So what does a modern water well look like?

Let’s start from the bottom up:

 

Casing and Screen:

When drilling a well, a driller tries to find gravel beds. Gravel beds allow water to flow freely forming aquifers. When an aquifer is found and tested for quality and production, a stainless steel screen is attached to the well casing and lowered to the bottom of the well. The steel casing allows water to flow from the aquifer to the inside of the well casing.

Once the screen is in place, sand is added around the screen and pressure grout around the casing, for added protection and better water flow. This step is often skipped by other well drilling companies, but we have found that this is necessary in order to give you the best quality water well.

 

Pump and Pipe:

Submersible water pumps come in different shapes and sizes. At C&J, we use stainless steel pumps that allow for better performance and longer life of the pump. The pumps are able to push the water through the attached black polyethylene pipe into what is called a pitless adapter. A pitless adapter connects the pipe in your well to the pipe in the ground and allows for water to flow into your house.

 

Well Head:

This is the most familiar part of a well system. The well head is a short piece of casing that sticks out of the ground. By law, well heads should be at least two feet above the flood plain. At the top of the well head is a well cap that protects the well from foreign objects falling into it. Right next to (or in most cases attached to) the well head, is a thiner piece of PVC pipe. This PVC pipe works as a guard for your pump wires. The wires are attached and give power to the submersible pump.

 

There is much skill that is needed to be able to both find a good location for a water well and drill it. It’s also very important that the well drilling contractor uses the best products and materials available. If not, you will be left with an underperforming well. At C&J, we have years of experience and are known for producing the best quality water wells in Central Indiana (check out our reviews HERE). We are able to stamp each of our wells with a 10 year warranty, because we only use the best materials.

 

If you are looking for a well contractor with a good reputation and a long history of satisfied customers, C&J is the well professional for you!

 

12 Oct 2012

Well Cleaning Special

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Well Cleaning and Maintenance Special

When was the last time your well was cleaned

Did you know that well professionals recommend a well cleaning at least every seven years? Failure to do so can result in loss of water pressure, heavy amounts of sediment, and in some cases, as stuck pump!

Your water well system has been running a lot this summer (especially this summer!). Give us a call before winter gets here to make sure that everything is working the way it should.

For more information about our winter special, click HERE

01 Oct 2012

“NATIONS WATER COSTS RUSHING HIGHER”

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If you bought a newspaper this weekend you saw the front page article about higher water costs. If you didn’t see the article, you can find it HERE.

While the nations municipal water costs are rushing out of control due to very top heavy management and the ever increasing federal government clean-water mandates, the cost for all natural, clean from the earth, ground water (i.e. well water) has remained affordable for many millennia.

C&J Well Co. offers affordable, high quality solutions to all of your water needs including:

 

Folks that are in the know wisely choose well water as the solution to their bulk water needs because well systems pay for themselves. The savings are quite remarkable if you use water in bulk. We provide water for the following:

  • thousands and thousands of homes
  • golf courses
  • steel mills
  • commercial/manufacturing applications
  • commercial and residential irrigation system
  • open loop geothermal systems
  • pond fill systems

So with Indianapolis city water rising 80%* why not beat the system and think outside of the box. Since costs are projected to rise even higher, how can a C&J Water System save you thousands?

*since 2000

 

 

03 Aug 2012

Our AIO replaces a competitors system

Water Treatment Comments Off on Our AIO replaces a competitors system

In the last few weeks we have been getting calls from several customers with concerns about their water quality. Many of them had existing systems, but their water still smelled like rotten eggs!

Luckily, AIOs are part of C&J’s water treatment lineup. An AIO is an air injected backwash unit. It oxidizes iron for iron removal, removes sulfur, and manganese – NO CHEMICALS REQUIRED!!

If you have continuous iron or odor issues gives us a call and we will give you more Information about our AIO system.

Below is a picture of our softening twin tanks next to our AIO unit.

20120803-162310.jpg

23 Jul 2012

Our hard work pays off

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From the very beginning, C&J has taken pride in its customer relations. There have been several times when our employees have had to work extensive hours, to make sure that the customer is as satisfied as possible. But let’s be serious, you hear “our company really values it’s customers” and “customer always comes first” from almost every business out there.  So what makes us saying it any different. Well, it doesn’t, and that’s why we try not to pat ourselves in the back too much. Instead we let our customers do that for us!

Below is a letter that we received from one of our satisfied customers.

If C&J has performed any service for you, whether it’s drilling a new well, repairing an existing system, providing constant pressure, or even water treatment, send us a letter! Don’t want to bother with stamps? NO PROBLEM! Click HERE and fill out one of our online customer reviews. We would love to hear from you!

21 Jul 2012

Successful Pump Extractions

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Successful Pump Extraction from cjdrills on Vimeo.

This was a pump that was stuck in a 4″ casing (this is why we don’t prefer to install 4″ wells). It appears as though at some point in time someone had hit this well knocking some debris into the well and locking the pump into a perfectly good well.

 

Gary and Luke used our special paten pending tool, “the harpoon” to spear this stuck pump and bring it to the top of the well.

 

This well has been saved, saving the customers yard and pocket book.

 

We have seen jobs like this completely botched by well butchers in the past and needlessly ruining a great well. We can’t save them all, but if someone else doesn’t botch things we have a great record of extracting these difficult stuck pumps.

 

 

*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment term is 60 months. 6.99% fixed APR. Minimum loan amounts apply. The first monthly payment will be due 30 days after the loan closes.
*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 24 to 132 months. Interest waived if repaid in 365 days. 18.58% fixed APR, effective as of January 1, 2019, subject to change. Interest starts accruing when the loan closes.
*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 12 to 144 months depending on loan amount. 8.99% to 12.99% fixed APR, based on creditworthiness, subject to change. The first monthly payment will be due 30 days from the date of application and monthly thereafter.