31 Oct 2013

Water Well Witching

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To celebrate Halloween, let’s talk about something downright spooky. Witchcraft has been around for nearly as long as mankind. Like ghouls and goblins, ghosts and vampires, witches cast a scary shadow on American culture. While the supernatural can be a controversial topic, here at C&J we want to discuss something equally divisive. It’s an old-school act to find water and other hidden objects, with a moniker that’s downright coven. Can you guess?


We’re talking about witchin’.


Dowsing, as witching is formally called, is a method of locating underground material. The target can be oil, natural gas, gold or other treasures, human remains and of course, ground water. Dowsing relies on two main resources to get the job done: divination and a dowsing rod. Dowsing rods are typically “Y” or “L” shaped twigs or wire dowels. Divination is a little bit harder to explain; think of it as a sort of psychic ability.


An ancient act, dowsing has been around for hundreds of years or more. No one really knows where it comes from, but throughout history, it has been passed down from generation to generation and is steeped in folklore.


Folks who believe in dowsing will carry a stick or rods in their hands and walk across a patch of land where they hope to find something valuable. Concentrating hard on that object, they believe the tools will automatically point to a spot where treasure is buried. Dowsing rods are said to act like an antenna, amplifying energy of said object.


The problem is, dowsing rarely – if ever – finds anything more than soil.


Countless scientific and independent studies never have found any definitive evidence that dowsing actually works. They point to strong knowledge of the land and old-fashioned luck as the likely reasons for success.


At C&J, we concur with the science. As professional well drillers, we don’t rely on spooky or funny business to locate water on your property. Instead, we invest in proven machinery, equipment and skillful employees, all trained to find water and build wells that meet our customers’ needs. No psychic skills necessary.


Witching, divining, doodle bugging – whatever you call it, dowsing has been around for a long time and it’s likely to stay. You may have even seen the practice featured on one of those recent oil reality shows. Just remember that drilling wells can be a lengthy and costly process, so trust the guys with the right tools to get the job done the first time, and not some supernatural swindler with a wooden stick.


17 Oct 2013

Geothermal Energy

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At C&J Well Co., we help lots of people with just about everything related to water wells. Most folks are familiar with these types of wells, but fewer know about underground geothermal systems and what they do. Geothermal digging is another specialty here at C&J, and we want to take some time to explain this renewable resource and how it can help your home.

What is geothermal?

Great question! Geothermal energy is a natural form of heating and cooling using the earth as your energy source. Just like your water well provides a source of natural water, a geothermal system from C&J provides a continuous supply of natural energy, in the form of heating and cooling for your home.

Underground, temperatures remain constant throughout the year, no matter how hot or cold it gets aboveground. This makes geothermal energy a wise and affordable choice for clean heating and cooling at home.

How do geothermal systems work?

Like water wells, geothermal systems are dug into the ground to extract what’s underneath. In this case, we are going after energy instead of water.  At C&J, we rely on two main types of geothermal systems: the closed loop and the open loop.

For closed loop systems, we dig a hole and install a geothermal heat pump and piping. Those pipes are then filled with antifreeze, which transfers ground heat to the pump and into your home.

Open loop systems need groundwater to work, so these applications can only be installed on properties with an existing water source. In open loops, the water pumped in to help heat or cool is then pumped back out. C&J has a number of applications for reusing this spent water.

Do I need a big property for geothermal?

The nice thing about geothermal systems is that they work on properties of all shapes and sizes. Closed loop systems can be installed horizontally or vertically, depending on the size of your yard. Even if your home is on a very small property, C&J has a geothermal solution for you.

Is geothermal heating & cooling more efficient than traditional methods?

Absolutely. Many homeowners we speak with are growing more mindful of the environment, and are always looking for better ways to be comfortable at home without causing a big impact on the earth. Geothermal heat pumps from C&J are among the most energy-efficient, cost-effective and green ways to heat and cool your home.

 Want to save money and help save the environment at the same time? With geothermal energy, you can! Consider this investment in your own home, and talk to C&J today about the geothermal solutions that are right for you.

02 Oct 2013

Winterizing Water Well System

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Winterize Your Water Well

For homes that rely on well water, winter can be a time to pay extra attention to well and plumbing components, especially in areas that experience freezing temperatures like central Indiana.

Most folks who rely on wells for their home water supply won’t run into any major problems during winter, but it is best to know what to expect in order to prevent any situations from occurring. Common cold weather water problems with well systems include frozen pipes, pump issues and power loss. C&J Well Co. can assist with any kind of well maintenance or repair you may need. We also want to share a few tips that homeowners can do themselves before cold winter weather arrives.

Preventing Frozen Plumbing Pipes

Water wells are designed to access groundwater that rarely freezes. That’s why most of the components are underground, below the freeze line. Still, plumbing pipes have to come aboveground to enter your home. To keep these pipes from freezing, wrap them with pipe insulation or heat tape. If your pipes are protected by a crawl space or other structure that is attached to your home, insulate these walls, too. All of this material is available at your local home center.

Avoiding Well Water Pump Problems

Water well pumps are typically installed underground, in the hole dug to access groundwater. Sometimes, these pumps will be aboveground. Underground pumps are usually protected from the cold winter elements, but it never hurts to inspect your well hole and make sure it is properly sealed. For aboveground pumps, a small insulated well house (about the size of a dog house) with a flood light inside will help regulate temperatures and keep components from freezing. Easy building plans for these well houses can be found online.

 Dealing With Power (and Water Supply) Loss

One of the scariest things that can happen in wintertime is a loss of power at home. Losing power can mean a loss of critical water, too. Well owners rely on several methods to protect them and their water in the event of a power outage. Portable generators are used as a backup electrical supply, but need a steady flow of gasoline or diesel to keep them running. Emergency standby generators that run on natural gas are another option, but these systems tend to be much more expensive. Many homeowners store an emergency fresh water supply inside in the event of an extended power outage.


Staying safe and enjoying a constant fresh water supply from your well means taking some common sense steps before winter arrives. Contact C&J to learn more about your options for preventing winter well problems, and what you can do if a situation does occur.


17 Sep 2013

Well Drilling Equipment

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Tools of the Well Trade

At C&J Well Company, we like to dig holes. We’re pretty good at it, too. That’s because we employ some of the best people in the business and rely on some of the best equipment out there. Digging a hole is easy but when you’re after water for a well, precision and accuracy are key.

Check out some to the tools we use here at C&J.

Versa-Drill drilling rigs

As a central Indiana leader in well services, C&J supports local suppliers whenever possible. We use Versa-Drill brand rigs built by Laibe Corporation (link to: http://www.laibecorp.com), which is based right here in Indianapolis. Versa-Drills are the “Cadillacs” of drilling rigs and are an industry standard in our line of work.

Look for our big red trucks when you call C&J for your next well.


Diamond-tipped bits

If you have ever tried digging a hole more than a couple inches into the ground, you know how difficult it gets. Forget shovels; when it comes to well holes, diamonds are C&J’s best friend. Our drill bits are coated with diamond tips to help chew through the ground and reach an aquifer.


Highest-quality supplies

Well companies use all sorts of equipment and supplies to get the job done. Needless to say, some do a better job than others. At C&J, we only use the highest-quality supplies to ensure your well lasts as long as possible with as little maintenance as possible. For example, the well casings we install are made out of PVC instead of steel, to prevent rust build-up around the well pump.

We also use non-corrosive materials in our pitless adapters (which connects the pump to the underground pipes that lead into your home) and piping. We choose these materials because they provide lightweight, flexible well components that are more affordable for our customers. If these components ever do malfunction, replacement is much easier and cheaper to perform.


This is just a short list of the many tools we use to provide you high-quality, long-lasting wells. Besides home water wells, C&J also drills and builds specialty wells for geothermal, pond, irrigation and other applications. Learn more about our equipment and see us in action by watching well drilling videos on our website.

And don’t forget to contact C&J Well Company for all of your well drilling and water treatment needs!

16 Aug 2013

Water Well Cleaning

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disinfecting and cleaning your water well

Water Well Cleaning & Disinfecting: Two Different Duties

You regularly test your water quality and disinfect your well using chlorine bleach. Great! But do you know that disinfecting your well and cleaning it are two distinct tasks every water well owner should do?

At C&J, we get that question a lot. While well cleaning and well disinfecting are both important, they are not the same thing. In an earlier blog post we detailed the steps homeowners can take to properly disinfect their wells. Check out that disinfecting your well article here. In this article, we’ll take you through the steps for properly cleaning a well.

While we encourage homeowners to disinfect their wells themselves, well cleaning is much more challenging and labor intensive. For that reason, C&J encourages owners to hire an expert to clean their wells for them.

Give us a call at (317) 566-2079 to learn more.

When to clean a water well

Well cleaning, when done properly, extends the life of a water well and its components, and helps make well water safer to drink. There are several warning signs that a water well needs to be cleaned. These include:

  • Well water coming out of the taps that is cloudy or contains foreign matter.

  • Water that has a funny taste or smell.

  • Falling well capacity and water pressure.

  • Routine water testing that is positive for bacteria or other harmful materials.

If any of these warning signs are present, especially after a routine disinfection cycle, it is most likely time for a professional water well cleaning. Ignoring these signs can cause costly damage to the well and create health hazards for people and animals.

How to clean water wells

Besides biological contamination, encrustation is another common cause of a malfunctioning well. Build-ups of deposits on key well components like screens, pumps and casings are difficult to remove, and these parts are easily damaged by someone not experienced with their handling.

Professional well cleaning starts with removing the underground workings of the well. After these pieces are removed and individually cleaned, the well itself is cleaned. There are different techniques for loosening debris and crust from the well. Processes include:

  • Air, where high-pressure lines are inserted and debris is literally blown out the top of the well head.

  • Water, which is used in the same fashion as air.

  • Ultrasonic, using sound waves at extremely high frequencies to agitate the water and break free debris.

  • Manual cleaning, where wire brushes and other tools are used to loosen and remove debris from well surfaces.

Different kinds of chemicals can also be used to dissolve contaminants, but certain chemicals can cause more damage or even destroy a well depending on its age and materials used in its construction.

At C&J, we rely on highly pressurized air to remove sediment built up inside your well. The air pressure creates a cavity which lifts the loosened debris and blasts it out the top of your well without causing any damage to your well’s components. This process also revitalizes your screen so that you get better water pressure into your home once the well is reassembled. You can learn more about our professional cleaning and other services by visiting the C&J website, or calling our main office at (317) 566-2079.

Don’t ignore the warning signs of your well. Call C&J today!

01 Aug 2013

Disinfecting Your Well

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Disinfecting a water well

How to Disinfect a Well

One of the benefits of having municipal water is that most of the time, you don’t have to worry about what’s coming out of the tap. City treatment facilities remove harmful bacteria and other substances from the water supply, and constantly test drinking water to ensure it’s safe to use.

 While there are numerous perks of having your own water well, the responsibility to make sure it is safe to use is up to the owner. Disinfection is an important task that every water well owner should know how to perform. For more information on well maintenance and treatment, feel free to contact C&J Well Co.


Why do I need to disinfect my well?

The groundwater you enjoy from your private well is not 100% pure water. It also contains things like minerals, microbes and bacteria. Most of the microscopic stuff in well water is harmless, but some of it can make the water look or taste funny, and can also make a person sick. That’s why well owners should routinely test their water and when needed, chemically treat it.


Step-by-Step Disinfection Guide

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) has outlined an 8-step process for chemically disinfecting a water well. You can follow this guide to treat your own well if you are comfortable doing so. If you lack experience maintaining your well, contact the experts at C&J Well Co. and we’ll be happy to assist you.

Step 1: Isolate critical areas

  • Make sure to avoid devices like water softeners, septic systems and other components which could be damaged during disinfection.

Step 2: Electrical safety

  • Shut off all electrical power to the well pump, and ensure that no one accidentally turns power back on while you are accessing the well.

Step 3: Remove well seal/cap

  • Once the power is off, remove the seal to your water well.

Step 4: Mixing a chlorine solution

  • For wells with a diameter of four inches and less than 100 feet deep, mix one half a gallon of chlorine bleach with three gallons of water in a clean bucket. This should be enough chlorine to disinfect the well.

  • For wells deeper than 100 feet and with larger diameters, use this chart provided by IDEM to determine how much chlorine bleach to use:

Well Diameter



4 inches



5 inches



6 inches



8 inches



10 inches



12 inches




Step 5: Adding chlorine to the well

  • Pour the mixture of chlorine and water into the well.

Step 6: Recirculating chlorinated water

  • At this point, you will want to recirculate the chlorinated water throughout the well. Place a garden hose connected to your water system into the top of the well casing, and turn the electrical power to the pump back on. Open the hose faucet and run the water for two hours once you smell chlorine in the hose.

Step 7: Bringing chlorine to each faucet

  • During recirculation, turn on each faucet inside your home. Smell for chlorine in the water or use test papers to confirm its presence. Once chlorine is in the water, turn the faucet off. Remove any aerators from faucets before you start this step. Don’t forget to do this for showers and outdoor faucets, too.

Step 8: Removing the chlorinated water

  • Leave the chlorine in your water supply overnight. The next morning, open faucets and run a garden hose into your yard to flush out the system. Don’t aim the hose water at any plants you don’t want to die, since chlorine kills plant life. Also, don’t aim the water at your septic system. Make sure all the chlorine is out of your water supply before testing for coliform. After one week and again after one month, test for coliform and repeat the process if your results are positive.


It is also a good idea to disinfect your water softener system the same time you disinfect your well. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s directions for disinfecting your particular system.

For more information on water well disinfection, visit IDEM’s webpage on well disinfection. You can also contact C&J Well Co. in central Indiana for all of your water well needs. We specialize in drilling, maintenance and water treatment.  Give us a call today!

02 Jul 2013

Well Water Advantages

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The Advantages of Well Water

More and more people are looking for ways to cut back on costs these days, yet few know that huge savings may be right under their feet. By digging just a little bit, you can find vast quantities of our most vital natural resource.

It’s water!

Building a well to access that water is definitely an investment, but it is an investment with guaranteed returns and plenty of benefits. Let’s take a look at a few of the advantages to having your own.

Well Water Provides Lower Costs

Hate having to pay that pesky water bill every month? With well water, you don’t have to! Owning a private water well means no more municipal usage fees. There are also state and federal tax credit options for folks who want to have a well installed on their property

Better health

Public water is typically treated with chlorine, fluoride and other harsh chemicals that are nearly impossible to filter out. Well water is filtered naturally, so that drinkers get all of the health benefits without the extra additives.

Better taste

Ask anyone with their own well, and they’ll tell you that well water is more refreshing. That’s probably because like filtering, it is softened naturally. Because it’s natural, it often tastes better than chemically-treated municipal water.

Well Water Is Environmentally Friendly

Looking for new ways to go green? Dig a well! Since well water is naturally filtered, it is much better on our environment than the city stuff. All those chemicals used to treat city water have to go somewhere, right? With well water, everything comes right from the earth.

Most of the time, any problems that owners experience with their wells or water can be remedied by professionals. In central Indiana, the team of pros at C&J Well Company is dedicated to serving you. We offer several great services that include many types of well drilling, maintenance and water treatment. We’re proud of the work we do. If you would like to learn more about our business, browse our website and contact us today for more information and a free water analysis!

22 May 2013

Affordable Green Lawns

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It’s almost Summer Time!

Get your lawn ready with C&J’s irrigation well


Is your lawn ready for the quickly approaching summer days? With a C&J irrigation well you don’t have to worry about huge monthly water bills, or state wide watering bans. And the best part, your lawn is being watered with mineral rich ground water.


Here are the main benefits of having your private irrigation system:

Our irrigation wells are equipped with an iron removal injection system, so you don’t have to worry about orange stains building up on walls, sidewalks, fences shrubs, etc.

Watering your lawn or fields with your own private irrigation well will get rid of your monthly water bill, saving you hundreds in the long run.

With your own irrigation well, you don’t have to worry about watering regulations when drought time comes.

Water your lawn with naturally filtered ground water and provide your lawn with the mineral rich water it needs.


08 May 2013

Huge farm irrigation well

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Summer is just around the corner, which means it’s crop time in Indiana. But how exactly can a farmer water their many acres and acres of land? Think about it, the well has to be able to produce hundreds of gallons of water every day. Want to know the solution? It’s easy, we drill a huge production well!


We just drilled one of these large production wells for a local farmer in Columbus, Indiana. In order to get the amount of water necessary for the farmer to be able to irrigate his fields, we used 12 inch casing to set the well. Average residential wells are 6 inches, so the extra 6 inches in diameter will help produce and store more water.


Before drilling this huge well, we drilled a smaller 5 inch test hole, to determine that the location we had picked was capable of producing the amounts of water necessary for this large irrigation system. Once the test hole was drilled we were certain this was the right spot. As you can see on the picture above, the well is producing hundreds of gallons of water per minute, enough to take care of the farm’s irrigation needs.

Irrigation wells are great, whether you have 100 acres of land, or just a small backyard. By having your own irrigation well, you are able to water your field or backyard without the large water bill. Because irrigation wells are not hooked up to the city grid, you do not have to worry about summertime watering bans.


If you are interested in learning more about C&J’s irrigation wells, give us a call. We will be happy to answer any question you may have!


15 Mar 2013

We can bring city water pressure into your home!

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City water pressure on a well?

You bet! Advances in European technology have made it possible to get city water pressure (and better) out of your water well.

The Danish Grundfos Constant Pressure System employs a computer manager to calculate water pressure. Then the pump speeds up to match the water you are using in the home. The result… constant pressure for you and your family.

Commercial Systems Available, too!

If pressure is a problem in your home, call us! See why C&J is Indiana’s leading installer for this state-of-the-art system, and don’t forget to ask about our 90-Day Money-Back Guarantee!

*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment term is 60 months. 6.99% fixed APR. Minimum loan amounts apply. The first monthly payment will be due 30 days after the loan closes.
*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 24 to 132 months. Interest waived if repaid in 365 days. 18.58% fixed APR, effective as of January 1, 2019, subject to change. Interest starts accruing when the loan closes.
*Loans provided by EnerBank USA, Member FDIC, (1245 Brickyard Rd., Suite 600, Salt Lake City, UT 84106) on approved credit, for a limited time. Repayment terms vary from 12 to 144 months depending on loan amount. 8.99% to 12.99% fixed APR, based on creditworthiness, subject to change. The first monthly payment will be due 30 days from the date of application and monthly thereafter.