01 Oct 2014

Geothermal Heat Pumps – An Option for Well Owners, Too

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By now, if you follow the C&J Well Company blog, you probably are sort of familiar with the term “geothermal.” We’ve discussed some of the benefits that geothermal systems can offer homes. Geothermal heating and cooling is also a popular topic on many home improvement, homesteading, and rural websites and online communities.

Today, C&J Well Co. wants to talk about geothermal heat pumps. Geothermal heat pumps provide warm and cool air to homes, and are great year-round central air systems.

Here’s what you need to know.

The Basics

Since the earth is a constant temperature all year long, it is an efficient and eco-friendly source of energy. Geothermal heat pumps work by harnessing that constant underground temperature instead of the air temperature above ground, which varies widely and can easily range from below zero to over 100 degrees. Even on the hottest days and the coldest nights, the temperatures just a few feet below underground usually stay around 50-60 degrees.

Geothermal heat pumps utilize what’s called a ground heat exchanger to heat or cool your home.

Costs of Geothermal Heat Pumps vs. Traditional Heat Pumps

Now there is some trade-off between investing in a traditional air-sourced heat pump and the geothermal alternative. Geothermal heat pumps tend to cost more money to set up, because much of the system needs to be installed underground. That said, you can expect to recoup those additional costs over the next few years, in the form of better energy savings compared with traditional systems. Another bonus – geothermal heat pumps and components are built tough and can last five decades or longer.

Keep in mind, to offset the initial cost of installation, the federal government is offering a 30% tax credit for geothermal equipment installed by December 31, 2016.  Plus you may qualify for an Indiana property tax deduction, too.  Get the latest information about these tax savings for geothermal heat pumps.

Geothermal Heat Pumps Offer Installation Versatility

Don’t think your yard is large enough to support a geothermal system? You might be surprised! At C&J Well Co., we offer a variety of geothermal heat pumps for all kinds of applications. There are two main types of heat pump: closed-loop and open loop.

Closed-loop systems can be installed horizontally, vertically, or in a lake or pond, and offer plenty of versatility and customization. Most of these systems rely on antifreeze that circulates through the loops, which are buried underground or submerged in a body of water. The exchanger we mentioned above transfers heat between the antifreeze and refrigerant inside the heat pump. Horizontal systems are great for large land plots. Vertical systems are designed for smaller yards. Submerged systems can be installed underwater in a private pond or lake on your property.

Have a well? An open-loop system might be a great option for you. Instead of antifreeze, many open-loop geothermal heat pump systems use groundwater to exchange heat, and the circulated water returns to the well to be reused. Talk to C&J Well Co. about any possible local regulations concerning open-loop systems.

Is One of These Geothermal Heat Pumps Right for Me?

Great question, and it’s one we love to answer here at C&J Well Co. Learn more about geothermal heat pumps under the “Well Drilling” tab at the top of our website. There you can find more information about the benefits of geothermal drilling, as well as our process for creating a geothermal heat pump system for your home. Feel free to give us a call for friendly, professional advice, and ask about scheduling a free no-obligation geothermal estimate.

Is a geothermal heat pump right for you? That’s something you’ll ultimately have to decide for yourself, but C&J Well Company can provide you with all the help and information you need to make the best decision.